Research Ethics

Studies involving human subjects should be conducted according to the World Medical Association (WMA) Declaration of Helsinki – Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects.

Preparing your manuscript

The type of article should determine the manuscript structure. However, the general structure for articles should follow the IEEE structure.
All authors should approve the final version of the manuscript prior to submission. Once a manuscript is submitted, it is therefore assumed that all authors have read and given their approval for the submission of the manuscript.
Contact information of all authors should be stated on the manuscript. Surname/Other names, affiliation, emails, and phone/fax numbers.
Declaration of Conflicts of Interest should be stated in the manuscript.


The title phrase should be brief.
List authors’ full names (first-name, middle-name, and last-name).
Affiliations of authors (department and institution).
Emails and phone numbers


The abstract should be less than 300 words. Abstract may be presented either in unstructured or structured format. The keywords should be less than 10.

Tables and figures

Tables should be kept to a minimum.
Tables should have a short descriptive title.
The unit of measurement used in a table should be stated.
Tables should be numbered consecutively.
Tables should be organized in Microsoft Word or Excel spreadsheet.
Figures/Graphics should be prepared in GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint.
Tables and Figures should be appropriately cited in the manuscript.


References should be listed in an alphabetical order at the end of the paper. DOIs, PubMed IDs and links to referenced articles should be stated wherever available.